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GLOSSARY

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - L - M - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - W

Accordion fold
A bindery term for two or more parallel folds that result in a sheet that opens like an accordion

Artwork
In printing, this is the original copy which includes all text, graphics, photos and illustrations

Back up
To print the reverse side of a sheet already printed on one side

Binding
The process by which sheets are fastened together which include cutting, trimming, collating, perforating, and folding to form the finished product

Bitmap Images
Computerized image made up of a collection of dots or pixels; these images appear blocky when you zoom in; also known as raster images

Bleed
Bleed is any printing that goes beyond the edge of the printed piece. If your artwork has a background or any other objects that extend to the edge of the piece, then you must create them so that they extend at least 0.125" (1/8th inch) beyond the trim.

Bond paper
Durable and lightweight paper commonly used for letterheads and business stationery

C1S
Short for coating on one side of paper

C2S
Short for coating on both sides of paper

Coated paper
Paper with a thin surface coating of clay that produces a smooth finish

Collate
A finishing term for arranging pages or sheets in correct order before binding

Cover paper
A heavyweight paper commonly used for covers of books, brochures, catalogs and folders

Creep
Creep is the shifting position of the page in a saddle-stitched bind. Creep moves the inside pages away from the spine.

Crop
To cut off sides or portions of an image

Crop marks
Lines at the edges of a sheet that show where the page will be trimmed

Cyan
Shade of blue; One of four basic ink colors used in 4 color printing process

Die cutting
A process of cutting paper in a shape or design using metal dies

Dots Per Inch (DPI)
A measurement of resolution of a printed image defined by the number of dots that fit horizontally and vertically into one inch; The higher the DPI, the sharper the image

Duplexing
The ability of a press to print on both sides of a sheet of paper

Encapsulated Postscript File (EPS)
An Adobe graphic file format for high resolution images; it translates graphic and text into code that tells a printer to print in the highest resolution possible and also has low resolution view files for quick screen viewing.

Four color process
The process of printing using the combination of four basic color inks (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) to produce a range of colors and create a color image

Four over Four (4/4)
A print job with four color printing on both sides of the paper

Four over One (4/1)
A print job with four color printing on the front side and one color (usually black) on the back side

Four over Zero (4/0)
A print job with four color printing on the front side and no printing on the back side

Gloss
Shiny coating applied to paper

Grain
The direction in which the fibers of a paper lie

Grayscale
An image made up of a range of shades of black and white

Hard copy
A document or data printed on paper

Image area
Portion of a page or paper that can be printed on

Imposition
Arranging printed pages correctly so they will fold in the proper sequence

Laid finish
A pattern of parallel lines running across the grain, creating a ribbed and handmade effect

Lamination
A plastic film bonded by heat and pressure to a printed sheet for protection or appearance.

Magenta
Also known as process red; one of the 4 basic ink colors in process color printing; M in abbreviation CMYK

Matte
Dull non-glossy finish

Offset Lithography or Offset Printing
A common printing process in which the image to be printed is transferred from a metal plate to a rubber blanket onto paper

Page count
Total number of pages in a book or publication

Pantone Matching Systems (PMS)
The standard color-matching system used by printers and graphic designers

Perfect Bind
A binding technique in which pages are collated into a single sheet and then glued together and attached to the cover with an adhesive

Perforation
Process of making holes or a series of cuts to make tearing or folding easy

PostScript
A page description language developed by Adobe Systems that tells a printer how an image is to be printed

Pressure-sensitive paper
Paper material with a self sticking adhesive protected by a backing sheet, usually used for labels and stickers

Process colors
The four basic colors used in printing to simulate full spectrum color – Cyan (blue), magenta (process red), yellow (process yellow), black (process black)

Raster image
See bitmap image

Raster Image Processor (RIP)
A device that translates data into dots or pixels

Ream
A quantity of paper equivalent to 500 sheets

Resolution
Refers to the number of pixels an image expressed in pixels per inch (ppi); the higher the number, the sharper the image

RGB
Refers to red, green, blue - the additive primary colors used for color video display as on a computer screen

Rich Black
A darker and deeper black color created by combining other ink colors with black ink. The values to create Rich Black is usually 30% Cyan, 30% Magenta, 30% Yellow, 100% Black

Saddle-stitch
A method of binding using staples in the seam or spine of a book or booklet where it folds

Score
A mark or crease pressed on paper to make folding easier

Scoring
The process of pressing a sheet of paper to create a groove or line for folding

Self-cover
The paper used as cover is the same as that used in the inside pages

Spine
The back edge of a bound book or publication that connects the 2 covers

Tagged Image File Format (.TIFF)
A standard graphic image file format often used for storing high resolution images that can easily handle up to 24 bits of photographic image color

Trim marks
Marks on a printed sheet that show where to cut or trim the page

Trim size
The final size of a printed image after trimming

Uncoated
Paper with no treatment or coating on the surface

UV coating
Liquid glossy coating applied to paper’s surface and cured with ultraviolet light

Vector Images
Images made up of solids, lines and curves that can be scaled or edited without affecting image resolution

Watermark
A distinctive design created in paper during manufacturing that is visible when the paper is held up to the light